Government and Diplomacy
Subject Source: Local sources
Found in 26 Collections and/or Records:
Scope and Contents Jefferson sought to prevent expansion of European colonization in America, in addition to gathering scientific information (botany, zoology, geography and geology), by sending a government-sponsored exploratory party to the American West. He issued a confidential message to Congress in 1803, requesting funds for an expedition to send men to explore the territory that extended to the Pacific Ocean. His initial message to Congress did not emphasize the scientific nature of the expedition;...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 2003A
Scope and Contents The simple desk on which the Declaration of Independence was written, designed by Jefferson and made in 1776 by Benjamin Randolph, was given to Ellen Wayles Randolph and her husband Joseph Coolidge, Jr. after the writing desk John Hemings made for the couple as a wedding gift was lost at sea. The Benjamin Randolph desk is now on display at the National Museum of American History accompanied by Jefferson’s letter verifying its authenticity and presenting it to Coolidge.
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1976A
Scope and Contents Bill Beiswanger discusses Jefferson’s dreams of, and designs for, various structures in his garden. Documents and archaeological evidence suggest that the garden pavilion, or "temple" as Jefferson sometimes called it, in the vegetable garden along the south walk was built in his lifetime but did not last; the new reconstruction now stands in its place.
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1984
An Imperfect Likeness by Lucia Stanton, Zanne Macdonald, and Kristin Onuf, (November 1993), E332.2 .A5 1993N
Scope and Contents Quotations on Jefferson from friend and foe, contemporary critic and posthumous admirer (printed here in alphabetical order): Lord Acton, the Adams family, Fisher Ames, Saint Vincent Benét, William Cullen Bryant, Judge Dabney Carr, Marquis de Chastellux, James Fenimore Cooper, Joseph Dougherty, Pierre Samuel Dupont de Nemours, Alexander Hamilton, Vaclav Havel, Senator George F. Hoar, Washington Irving, Isaac Jefferson, John F. Kennedy, Marquis de Lafayette, Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Babington...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1993N
Scope and Contents The larvae of the Hessian fly (Mayetolia destructor), which destroyed wheat crops, began spreading across America from the Northeast in the late 18th and early 19th centuries (it reached Monticello around 1811 and now resides wherever wheat is grown in the United States). Jefferson took an interest in studying and stopping or eliminating the pest but, overwhelmed by political duties (and Federalist stabs at his scientific pursuits of all kinds), left Thomas Mann Randolph and Samuel L. Mitchell...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1991N
Barbarians and Savages in the President's House by Lucia Stanton Goodwin, (April 1983), E332.2 .A5 1983A
Beyond the Falls: The Peopling of Jefferson's Virginia by James Horn, (November 1999), E332.2 .A5 1999N
Scope and Contents Records of Jefferson’s ancestral origins across the Atlantic are scant at best, but it is certain that the Jeffersons and Randolphs in America laid the foundations for the future president’s ideals and prominence in political society. Their focus on the land, their interest in pushing west (they were pioneering farmers and planters in the Piedmont region and Peter Jefferson helped create the most authoritative map of Virginia of his time, becoming involved in westward expeditions), and their...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1999N
Scope and Contents Dr. Benjamin Smith Barton, professor of botany and natural history at University of Pennsylvania, and Samuel Latham Mitchill, physician-naturalist and Congressman, both lauded Jefferson for his passion for and contribution to the science of botany. Barton honored him by naming the twinleaf plant Jeffersonia dyphylla (in the Linnaean nomenclature, introduced in 1753, that Jefferson so admired).
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1992A
Scope and Contents Ever in search of improvements and innovations in the agricultural life of his country, Jefferson took special interest in importing dry, mountain, or upland rice to replace the cultivation of the coastal rice in America (the swampy plantations were breeding grounds for malaria). He beseeched the Vietnamese Prince Nguyen Anh for the dry rice of Cochin China, with the aid of friend Benjamin Vaughan received from Sir Joseph Banks (influential in English plant exploration and in many ways similar...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1990A
Harmonies of Liberty: A Divertissement in the Spirit of 1789 by Lucia C. Stanton, (April 1989), E332.2 .A5 1989A
Scope and Contents An account, divided into scenes as of a play, of transatlantic friendship in Scotland, France, and America in the early years of the French Revolution. Dugald Stewart (Scottish professor and brilliant speaker), neighbor to poet Robert Burns, and Jefferson, lover of Scottish ballads (including the pastoral dialect of Burns’ poetry), came together in Paris in 1789 as witnesses to the events surrounding the Estates-General convention and the storming of the Bastille. Jefferson also found in...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1989A
Scope and Contents An astute historian aware of the simplification or misrepresentation that time and a historian’s bias can bring, Jefferson took pains to establish an accurate but positive image for posterity. He encouraged the critical study of history of all nations, and endeavored to secure America’s history from antiquity to the revolutionary period. Louis Girardin was enlisted to write a history of Jefferson’s time based on Jefferson’s extensive collection of books and documents.
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1998N
Scope and Contents Although Jefferson was not a linguist and professed distaste for the profession of law, he was committed to adapting the language and laws of the new Republic to suit the governed and be accessible to them. His revolutionary outlook is embodied in his advocacy of an ever-expanding English language dictated by usage, and adept use of language to author bold legislation in the founding of the nation while making his profession more the voice of the people than their legal representation or...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1998A
Jefferson's 'Consent of the Governed': Convolutions of a Doctrine by Merrill Petersen, (April 1963), E332.2 .A5 1963A
Scope and Contents Jefferson was devoted to the concept of government created and sustained by the consent of the governed and Lincoln later referred to the American political ideal as "government of the people, by the people, for the people." This timeless doctrine has undergone shifts, as the priorities of the governed have, from government of the people in the Jeffersonian republic, to government by the people in the purist democracy of Andrew Jackson, and finally to the New Deal welfare state based on...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1963A
Scope and Contents In contrast to the elaborate ceremonial inaugurations of Washington and Adams, Jefferson chose to dress plainly and avoid ostentatious trappings. He drafted an inaugural speech that reflected his desire for religious and political tolerance ("We are all republicans: we are all federalists"), and for a "wise and frugal government."
Dates: E332.2 .A5 2001A
Kenwood by Ann Lucas, and The Currency of Reason by Lucia C. Stanton, (April 1994), E332.2 .A5 1994A
Scope and Contents First essay: General Watson, senior military aide to Franklin Delano Roosevelt, built Kenwood in 1939 as a weekend retreat. FDR stayed at Kenwood at least four times between 1941-45, including the weekend before D-Day (June 6, 1944). Second essay: Jefferson sought to bring uniform standards to the currency of the new country. During his visits to Europe, he collected coins from various countries and investigated ways to create coinage. The lack of a uniform currency hampered the economy...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1994A
My Long Day of Life compiled by Lucia Stanton, Zanne Macdonald, and Kristin Onuf, (April 1993), E332.2 .A5 1993A
Scope and Contents An abridgement and combination of texts, including Jefferson’s (self-curtailed) autobiography and personal letters and documents, providing a summary of his life (major events, dates, and figures) in his own words, from birth to his last known letter and reflections on a life well-lived.
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1993A
Scope and Contents As president, Jefferson took pains to entertain and feed the members of the convening Congress often and well, providing both an agreeable and less formal table (round rather than rectangular to facilitate conversation and avoid ranking guests, and invitations from Th. Jefferson rather than the President were just a few of his innovations) and the finest cuisine prepared by his French chef, Honoré Julien. Among the other French agents that added to the elegance of Jefferson’s White House were...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1988A
Scope and Contents As president, Jefferson adopted, as a personal habit and model for Washington society, a manner of intentional informality. He instituted random ("convenient") seating assignments of dinner guests with the policy of "pell-mell" and passed, as a form of social legislation, the "Health Law," which banned toasting at the dinner table. In addition to stamping out an old English custom, the "Health Law" limited political conversation (and thus partisan animosity) at dinner and elicited positive...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1986A
Scope and Contents The mutual respect and friendship as well as the political partnership between Jefferson and Madison are well documented in the personal letters and exchange of writings (as they were published) and goods during Jefferson’s residence in Paris as Minister to France in 1784. While Madison reported on the Virginia Assembly, the Confederation Congress, and Constitutional Convention, Jefferson enthusiastically bought books and little inventions to send home to his friend. Upon reading and taking...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1987N
Scope and Contents Dr. Benjamin Rush, longtime friend of John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, was the foremost advocate for introduction of maple sugar as a substitute for the slave-produced cane sugar of the West Indies, and was also a vocal proponent of temperance (highlighting spirits as the real concern). Jefferson shared Rush’s ideals and joined him in his campaign to commercially destroy black slavery in the West Indies, purchasing maple sugar and attempting to grow the trees at Monticello, though Jefferson’s...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1990N
Scope and Contents Jefferson sought to raise sheep at Monticello and in Washington, D.C. because of his ardent interest in agriculture and animal husbandry. The desire for fine wool in America precipitated an agricultural craze for the importation of Merino sheep from Spain during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Jefferson hoped to profit from the sale of wool, while simultaneously demonstrating his patriotic spirit (by wearing American-made cloth) and scientific interest in adding new stock to existing...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 2000N
Scope and Contents The first settlement of pilgrims in Plymouth were saved from starvation and disease by the well-traveled and multilingual Native American Tisquantum, or Squanto, and as long as he lived the tensions between the struggling colony and the surrounding tribes were kept at bay. After his death, the poor diplomacy and lack of communication between the Indians and English resulted in hostile actions on the part of the pilgrims. English leader Myles Standish initiated the bloodshed that ultimately led...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1958A
The Jefferson Scrapbooks' Story of Politics, Death, and Friendship by Christine E. Coalwell and Robert M.S. McDonald, (April 2000), E332.2 .A5 2000A
Scope and Contents Jefferson kept several commonplace books for various subjects, including a scrapbook of newspaper clippings. The clippings include poetry that addresses such themes as death, friendship, and home, with which Jefferson was concerned, as well as political articles and criticism of his own administration. Margaret Bayard Smith, wife of the National Intelligencer’s editor perused this scrapbook and her account of the collection of "libels" (as she described it) appeared in newspapers. The article...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 2000A
Scope and Contents Upon Jefferson’s death, his dire financial situation required the sale of Monticello and most of the belongings to pay off his debt. The house fell into disrepair as it was transferred from one owner to another, until finally Jefferson Levy (the nephew of one of the past owners) purchased it and restored the House to its earlier grandeur in the late 19th century. Ultimately, Levy agreed to sell his home for $500,000 to the Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation in 1923; the Foundation has...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 2001N
Scope and Contents Captain Joseph Miller and his daughter came to the US on the Lydia in 1813 and finally reached Albemarle County after many delays and disasters brought on by the war with Britain. Miller was well received and Jefferson, pursuing his interest in useful scientific pursuits and a desire to experiment with brewing his own beer at Monticello, soon befriended the British brewer. Miller trained Peter Hemings, who went on to produce fine, much-demanded ale (at first with wheat malt and eventually corn...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1995A
West Point's Lost Founder: Thomas Jefferson Remembered, Forgotten, & Reconsidered by Robert McDonald, (November 2002), E332.2 .A5 2002N
Scope and Contents The plan to establish a national institution for military education began at the time of the Revolutionary War. Not until 1802, however, did Jefferson manage to convince Congress to authorize the funding and creation of West Point, a military academy to educate cadets to defend the new nation. Despite his efforts, Jefferson fell out of favor with the leaders at West Point, and his contribution was willfully ignored or suppressed by various superintendents (of more republican leanings)...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 2002N