Slavery, Hemings Family Members
Subject Source: Local sources
Found in 19 Collections and/or Records:
Scope and Contents The simple desk on which the Declaration of Independence was written, designed by Jefferson and made in 1776 by Benjamin Randolph, was given to Ellen Wayles Randolph and her husband Joseph Coolidge, Jr. after the writing desk John Hemings made for the couple as a wedding gift was lost at sea. The Benjamin Randolph desk is now on display at the National Museum of American History accompanied by Jefferson’s letter verifying its authenticity and presenting it to Coolidge.
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1976A
Scope and Contents In 1795 Thomas Jefferson sold a number of law books, including Worral’s catalogue, Sir Edward Coke’s treatise on Littleton, and reports compiled by Raymond, Salkeld, and Peere Williams, to his friend Archibald Stuart, an uncharacteristic transaction for a man who devoted a great deal of time and money to his books and who also took many prospective law students under his tutelage. The mystery was solved when many of the books sold to Stuart were returned to Monticello in 1991-92 and it was...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1995N
An Imperfect Likeness by Lucia Stanton, Zanne Macdonald, and Kristin Onuf, (November 1993), E332.2 .A5 1993N
Scope and Contents Quotations on Jefferson from friend and foe, contemporary critic and posthumous admirer (printed here in alphabetical order): Lord Acton, the Adams family, Fisher Ames, Saint Vincent Benét, William Cullen Bryant, Judge Dabney Carr, Marquis de Chastellux, James Fenimore Cooper, Joseph Dougherty, Pierre Samuel Dupont de Nemours, Alexander Hamilton, Vaclav Havel, Senator George F. Hoar, Washington Irving, Isaac Jefferson, John F. Kennedy, Marquis de Lafayette, Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Babington...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1993N
Scope and Contents Jefferson’s expenditures and receipts for the year 1812-1813 serve as a model for his lifetime struggle to balance extravagant expenses of slaves and family, as well as guests to be wined and dined, with a fluctuating income as planter, politician, and retired gentleman.
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1985N
"Delicious Flowering Shrubs" and Cape Bulbs in the Monticello Greenhouse by Peggy Cornett Newcomb, (April 1997), E332.2 .A5 1997A
Scope and Contents Jefferson’s interest in all things botanical meant that his garden and greenhouse contained a number of unusual plants that originated in other parts of the world. Many of the European elite maintained greenhouses (orangeries) from the 18th century onward, and Jefferson planned to establish a greenhouse at Monticello to permit him to grow more delicate plants, seeds, and bulbs throughout the year. Initially he planned to have a free-standing, two-story structure on Mulberry Row but ultimately...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1997A
Scope and Contents Diary entries from Ellen Randolph Coolidge’s travels in Great Britain in 1838-39 serve as a record of the political, social, and artistic life of London, ranging from the national loyalty to young Queen Victoria, to the tasteless nature of superfluous columns in architecture. Her adventures in London, the English countryside (Cowes), and Edinburgh evoke memories of life in Virginia. She recalls tales of Europe told by Martha Randolph (educated at the convent in Paris) and Thomas Jefferson...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1994N
Kenwood by Ann Lucas, and The Currency of Reason by Lucia C. Stanton, (April 1994), E332.2 .A5 1994A
Scope and Contents First essay: General Watson, senior military aide to Franklin Delano Roosevelt, built Kenwood in 1939 as a weekend retreat. FDR stayed at Kenwood at least four times between 1941-45, including the weekend before D-Day (June 6, 1944). Second essay: Jefferson sought to bring uniform standards to the currency of the new country. During his visits to Europe, he collected coins from various countries and investigated ways to create coinage. The lack of a uniform currency hampered the economy...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1994A
Scope and Contents Jefferson had mixed feelings about dogs, as they were both dangerous -- as predators when not properly fed and as disease-carriers when rabid -- and useful farm animals. He obtained Bergère, an intelligent and industrious sheep dog from France, whom the slave Isaac recalls along with some of Jefferson’s other eccentrically named pets and animals. Though Jefferson sympathized with Judge Richard Peters (who in 1810 complained of the dangers of dogs to sheep) and Peter Minor of Albemarle (who...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1989N
Scope and Contents Contains a listing of the various cookbooks owned by Jefferson, although none of the original books has survived. Because of Jefferson’s interest in French cuisine, his library contained eight cookbooks written in French, although he did also have books that contained Virginia recipes, including Mrs. Mary Randolph’s The Virginia Housewife.
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1971A
Scope and Contents As president, Jefferson took pains to entertain and feed the members of the convening Congress often and well, providing both an agreeable and less formal table (round rather than rectangular to facilitate conversation and avoid ranking guests, and invitations from Th. Jefferson rather than the President were just a few of his innovations) and the finest cuisine prepared by his French chef, Honoré Julien. Among the other French agents that added to the elegance of Jefferson’s White House were...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1988A
Plantation Community Weekend Features Demonstrations of the Skills and Trades Practiced by Enslaved and Free Workers at Jefferson's Monticello, 2000-05
Item — Folder 15: Series 4, Item: 3
Scope and Contents Dr. Benjamin Rush, longtime friend of John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, was the foremost advocate for introduction of maple sugar as a substitute for the slave-produced cane sugar of the West Indies, and was also a vocal proponent of temperance (highlighting spirits as the real concern). Jefferson shared Rush’s ideals and joined him in his campaign to commercially destroy black slavery in the West Indies, purchasing maple sugar and attempting to grow the trees at Monticello, though Jefferson’s...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1990N
Scope and Contents Jefferson’s passion for the study of birds and climate led him to link the two in the manner of a phenologist. He collected mockingbirds (he owned several as pets and had a special favorite, Dick, who had a remarkable ability to imitate tunes and sounds), studied the winter habits of the purple martin, and enjoyed the sight and song of many others, including swallows and whippoorwills. Jefferson exchanged conjectures regarding the identity of various birds with Alexander Wilson, who sent...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1988N
Scope and Contents Jefferson was a life-long admirer, student, and designer of architecture. His ever-evolving plans for Monticello included his own simplified version of the Delorme dome (which he saw at Halle au Blé, Paris in 1786 and to which he refers in his famous “Head and Heart” letter to Maria Cosway, excerpt included), the serrated “zig-zag” he invented for the low-grade roof, and the tin-coated iron shingles he used and advocated (first applied by Ase Brooks but later by “a common negro man”). Though...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1992N
Scope and Contents Jefferson took delight in farming and kept careful accounts of conditions and production, as evident in comments by La Rochefoucauld and in Jefferson’s Farm Book, a topically arranged agricultural book and broad record of his plantations’ activities. This book as well as his Garden Book, the "Mouldboard plow of least resistance," and the concept of the agriculture school are among Jefferson’s contributions to agricultural science. Includes mention of the Agricultural Revolution, George...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1977A
Scope and Contents An account of Jefferson’s activities in book collecting, reading and cataloging his various libraries. The 1815 sale of his library to the Library of Congress allowed Congress to replace the congressional library that had been burned by British troops in 1814. Congress voted by a slim margin to acquire the books, and the country benefited tremendously by the establishment of this extensive national repository for a small financial cost. Although the fire in1851 destroyed many of Jefferson’s...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 2002A
Scope and Contents Captain Joseph Miller and his daughter came to the US on the Lydia in 1813 and finally reached Albemarle County after many delays and disasters brought on by the war with Britain. Miller was well received and Jefferson, pursuing his interest in useful scientific pursuits and a desire to experiment with brewing his own beer at Monticello, soon befriended the British brewer. Miller trained Peter Hemings, who went on to produce fine, much-demanded ale (at first with wheat malt and eventually corn...
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1995A
Scope and Contents Ellen Wayles Randolph Harrison and Martha Jefferson Trist Burke, Jefferson’s great-granddaughters, recount childhood memories of their parents from Monticello; their games, toys, interactions with the slaves (such as John Hemings) and visitors (such as Mrs. Madison), and their places of play.
Dates: E332.2 .A5 1976O