Subject Source: Local sources
Found in 19 Collections and/or Records:
Scope and Contents The simple desk on which the Declaration of Independence was written, designed by Jefferson and made in 1776 by Benjamin Randolph, was given to Ellen Wayles Randolph and her husband Joseph Coolidge, Jr. after the writing desk John Hemings made for the couple as a wedding gift was lost at sea. The Benjamin Randolph desk is now on display at the National Museum of American History accompanied by Jefferson’s letter verifying its authenticity and presenting it to Coolidge.
An Imperfect Likeness by Lucia Stanton, Zanne Macdonald, and Kristin Onuf, (November 1993), E332.2 .A5 1993N
Scope and Contents Quotations on Jefferson from friend and foe, contemporary critic and posthumous admirer (printed here in alphabetical order): Lord Acton, the Adams family, Fisher Ames, Saint Vincent Benét, William Cullen Bryant, Judge Dabney Carr, Marquis de Chastellux, James Fenimore Cooper, Joseph Dougherty, Pierre Samuel Dupont de Nemours, Alexander Hamilton, Vaclav Havel, Senator George F. Hoar, Washington Irving, Isaac Jefferson, John F. Kennedy, Marquis de Lafayette, Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Babington...
Scope and Contents The larvae of the Hessian fly (Mayetolia destructor), which destroyed wheat crops, began spreading across America from the Northeast in the late 18th and early 19th centuries (it reached Monticello around 1811 and now resides wherever wheat is grown in the United States). Jefferson took an interest in studying and stopping or eliminating the pest but, overwhelmed by political duties (and Federalist stabs at his scientific pursuits of all kinds), left Thomas Mann Randolph and Samuel L. Mitchell...
Scope and Contents Jefferson’s expenditures and receipts for the year 1812-1813 serve as a model for his lifetime struggle to balance extravagant expenses of slaves and family, as well as guests to be wined and dined, with a fluctuating income as planter, politician, and retired gentleman.
"Delicious Flowering Shrubs" and Cape Bulbs in the Monticello Greenhouse by Peggy Cornett Newcomb, (April 1997), E332.2 .A5 1997A
Scope and Contents Jefferson’s interest in all things botanical meant that his garden and greenhouse contained a number of unusual plants that originated in other parts of the world. Many of the European elite maintained greenhouses (orangeries) from the 18th century onward, and Jefferson planned to establish a greenhouse at Monticello to permit him to grow more delicate plants, seeds, and bulbs throughout the year. Initially he planned to have a free-standing, two-story structure on Mulberry Row but ultimately...
Harmonies of Liberty: A Divertissement in the Spirit of 1789 by Lucia C. Stanton, (April 1989), E332.2 .A5 1989A
Scope and Contents An account, divided into scenes as of a play, of transatlantic friendship in Scotland, France, and America in the early years of the French Revolution. Dugald Stewart (Scottish professor and brilliant speaker), neighbor to poet Robert Burns, and Jefferson, lover of Scottish ballads (including the pastoral dialect of Burns’ poetry), came together in Paris in 1789 as witnesses to the events surrounding the Estates-General convention and the storming of the Bastille. Jefferson also found in...
Scope and Contents Diary entries from Ellen Randolph Coolidge’s travels in Great Britain in 1838-39 serve as a record of the political, social, and artistic life of London, ranging from the national loyalty to young Queen Victoria, to the tasteless nature of superfluous columns in architecture. Her adventures in London, the English countryside (Cowes), and Edinburgh evoke memories of life in Virginia. She recalls tales of Europe told by Martha Randolph (educated at the convent in Paris) and Thomas Jefferson...
Scope and Contents A brief description of Jefferson’s habit of advising the young, particularly those in his family, with small wisdoms and guidelines, as well as a list, "a dozen Canons of conduct in Life," which he sent to Cornelia Jefferson Randolph.
Scope and Contents Jefferson spent his early childhood at the Randolph estate of Tuckahoe, and the house’s evolving structure and usage played an important role in his architectural imagination. Thomas Mann Randolph expanded the house from his grandfather Thomas Randolph’s original two-story, four-room abode to a large H-shaped home with a spacious saloon joining the symmetrical wings. The interior finish of the hyphen and south wing was likely done by Richard Bayliss (who worked on Carter’s Grove and Wilton),...
Scope and Contents These letters to Anne Willing Bingham and Mary Jefferson exhibit Jefferson’s different writing styles and similar instructive tone. The first is to Ms. Bingham on the superlative occupations and repose of American life as opposed to Parisian. The second is a more casual and blunt letter to his daughter, Mary Jefferson, in which Jefferson asks her many questions regarding her happiness, habits, and developing talents as a housewife, and gives her careful guidelines for correct and moral behavior.
Scope and Contents Jefferson had mixed feelings about dogs, as they were both dangerous -- as predators when not properly fed and as disease-carriers when rabid -- and useful farm animals. He obtained Bergère, an intelligent and industrious sheep dog from France, whom the slave Isaac recalls along with some of Jefferson’s other eccentrically named pets and animals. Though Jefferson sympathized with Judge Richard Peters (who in 1810 complained of the dangers of dogs to sheep) and Peter Minor of Albemarle (who...
Scope and Contents Jefferson’s granddaughter, Ellen Wayles Randolph Coolidge, moved to Boston in 1825 following her marriage. Per Jefferson’s request, Ellen sent dumb or dunfish (the best grade salted cod from Massachusetts), as well as the tongues and sounds of the cod home to Monticello along with (misguided) cooking instructions. After her grandfather’s death, Ellen recalls the dining room at Monticello in her travel journal from London (which includes detailed descriptions of London carriages and meals) and...
Scope and Contents In six accounts, denoted by different locations, dates, and musical arrangements played and by whom, various instruments played or related to those played by members of the Jefferson family are discussed. A 1786 Kirckman was purchased by Jefferson and played by Martha Jefferson in Paris in 1789, and yet another given to Maria Jefferson in 1798. Jefferson encouraged musicianship in his daughters and subsequent generations (Martha, Maria, Ellen Randolph and her aunt Virginia Cary were all skilled...
Some of Thomas Jefferson Randolph's Recollections of his Grandfather by James A. Bear, (April 1965), E332.2 .A5 1965A
Scope and Contents Thomas Jefferson Randolph recalls his grandfather’s attachment to Martha Jefferson Randolph, his dining and entertaining habits and lack of etiquette, his debts, and various other small interactions between grandfather and grandson.
Scope and Contents Jefferson was a life-long admirer, student, and designer of architecture. His ever-evolving plans for Monticello included his own simplified version of the Delorme dome (which he saw at Halle au Blé, Paris in 1786 and to which he refers in his famous “Head and Heart” letter to Maria Cosway, excerpt included), the serrated “zig-zag” he invented for the low-grade roof, and the tin-coated iron shingles he used and advocated (first applied by Ase Brooks but later by “a common negro man”). Though...
Scope and Contents Accounts of several visitors’ journeys to Monticello in anticipation of the dedication of the Thomas Jefferson Parkway (Fall 1996). Anna Thornton, Augustus John Foster, Margaret Bayard Smith, Francis Calley Gray, George Ticknor, Lt. Francis Hall, and Duke Bernhard of Saze-Weimer-Eisenach all describe the treacherous path up the mountain through untamed forest to an ultimately rewarding vista at the summit and the great company of Thomas Jefferson and his family.
Scope and Contents During his residence in France in April 1787, Jefferson journeyed through the Alps to Italy on a mule. He kept a careful journal of the climate, vegetation, and agriculture on his travels and was delighted to note the geographical link between the adventures in his ancient Latin books (such as Hannibal’s attack on Rome) to his own passage. Jefferson took special interest in the olive as an efficient and multi-purpose tree; he mapped the geographical boundaries of the olive’s cultivation and...
Scope and Contents Jefferson attended many lectures and exhibitions, the 18th century proto-museums, at home and abroad. He particularly enjoyed those featuring live creatures such as sea mammals, jungle quadrupeds, and various birds, and was fond of observing unusual or talented hogs and horses. Jefferson made careful study of American mammals to prove that they were not degenerating compared to European mammals (as the Comte de Buffon argued) but were in fact superior in size and strength. He also proposed that...
Scope and Contents Ellen Wayles Randolph Harrison and Martha Jefferson Trist Burke, Jefferson’s great-granddaughters, recount childhood memories of their parents from Monticello; their games, toys, interactions with the slaves (such as John Hemings) and visitors (such as Mrs. Madison), and their places of play.