Education, Literature, Books
Subject Source: Local sources
Found in 28 Collections and/or Records:
Scope and Contents Jefferson sought to prevent expansion of European colonization in America, in addition to gathering scientific information (botany, zoology, geography and geology), by sending a government-sponsored exploratory party to the American West. He issued a confidential message to Congress in 1803, requesting funds for an expedition to send men to explore the territory that extended to the Pacific Ocean. His initial message to Congress did not emphasize the scientific nature of the expedition;...
Scope and Contents In 1795 Thomas Jefferson sold a number of law books, including Worral’s catalogue, Sir Edward Coke’s treatise on Littleton, and reports compiled by Raymond, Salkeld, and Peere Williams, to his friend Archibald Stuart, an uncharacteristic transaction for a man who devoted a great deal of time and money to his books and who also took many prospective law students under his tutelage. The mystery was solved when many of the books sold to Stuart were returned to Monticello in 1991-92 and it was...
An Imperfect Likeness by Lucia Stanton, Zanne Macdonald, and Kristin Onuf, (November 1993), E332.2 .A5 1993N
Scope and Contents Quotations on Jefferson from friend and foe, contemporary critic and posthumous admirer (printed here in alphabetical order): Lord Acton, the Adams family, Fisher Ames, Saint Vincent Benét, William Cullen Bryant, Judge Dabney Carr, Marquis de Chastellux, James Fenimore Cooper, Joseph Dougherty, Pierre Samuel Dupont de Nemours, Alexander Hamilton, Vaclav Havel, Senator George F. Hoar, Washington Irving, Isaac Jefferson, John F. Kennedy, Marquis de Lafayette, Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Babington...
Scope and Contents The larvae of the Hessian fly (Mayetolia destructor), which destroyed wheat crops, began spreading across America from the Northeast in the late 18th and early 19th centuries (it reached Monticello around 1811 and now resides wherever wheat is grown in the United States). Jefferson took an interest in studying and stopping or eliminating the pest but, overwhelmed by political duties (and Federalist stabs at his scientific pursuits of all kinds), left Thomas Mann Randolph and Samuel L. Mitchell...
Scope and Contents Jefferson’s expenditures and receipts for the year 1812-1813 serve as a model for his lifetime struggle to balance extravagant expenses of slaves and family, as well as guests to be wined and dined, with a fluctuating income as planter, politician, and retired gentleman.
Beyond the Falls: The Peopling of Jefferson's Virginia by James Horn, (November 1999), E332.2 .A5 1999N
Scope and Contents Records of Jefferson’s ancestral origins across the Atlantic are scant at best, but it is certain that the Jeffersons and Randolphs in America laid the foundations for the future president’s ideals and prominence in political society. Their focus on the land, their interest in pushing west (they were pioneering farmers and planters in the Piedmont region and Peter Jefferson helped create the most authoritative map of Virginia of his time, becoming involved in westward expeditions), and their...
Scope and Contents Dr. Benjamin Smith Barton, professor of botany and natural history at University of Pennsylvania, and Samuel Latham Mitchill, physician-naturalist and Congressman, both lauded Jefferson for his passion for and contribution to the science of botany. Barton honored him by naming the twinleaf plant Jeffersonia dyphylla (in the Linnaean nomenclature, introduced in 1753, that Jefferson so admired).
Scope and Contents Ever in search of improvements and innovations in the agricultural life of his country, Jefferson took special interest in importing dry, mountain, or upland rice to replace the cultivation of the coastal rice in America (the swampy plantations were breeding grounds for malaria). He beseeched the Vietnamese Prince Nguyen Anh for the dry rice of Cochin China, with the aid of friend Benjamin Vaughan received from Sir Joseph Banks (influential in English plant exploration and in many ways similar...
"Delicious Flowering Shrubs" and Cape Bulbs in the Monticello Greenhouse by Peggy Cornett Newcomb, (April 1997), E332.2 .A5 1997A
Scope and Contents Jefferson’s interest in all things botanical meant that his garden and greenhouse contained a number of unusual plants that originated in other parts of the world. Many of the European elite maintained greenhouses (orangeries) from the 18th century onward, and Jefferson planned to establish a greenhouse at Monticello to permit him to grow more delicate plants, seeds, and bulbs throughout the year. Initially he planned to have a free-standing, two-story structure on Mulberry Row but ultimately...
Harmonies of Liberty: A Divertissement in the Spirit of 1789 by Lucia C. Stanton, (April 1989), E332.2 .A5 1989A
Scope and Contents An account, divided into scenes as of a play, of transatlantic friendship in Scotland, France, and America in the early years of the French Revolution. Dugald Stewart (Scottish professor and brilliant speaker), neighbor to poet Robert Burns, and Jefferson, lover of Scottish ballads (including the pastoral dialect of Burns’ poetry), came together in Paris in 1789 as witnesses to the events surrounding the Estates-General convention and the storming of the Bastille. Jefferson also found in...
Scope and Contents An astute historian aware of the simplification or misrepresentation that time and a historian’s bias can bring, Jefferson took pains to establish an accurate but positive image for posterity. He encouraged the critical study of history of all nations, and endeavored to secure America’s history from antiquity to the revolutionary period. Louis Girardin was enlisted to write a history of Jefferson’s time based on Jefferson’s extensive collection of books and documents.
Scope and Contents Diary entries from Ellen Randolph Coolidge’s travels in Great Britain in 1838-39 serve as a record of the political, social, and artistic life of London, ranging from the national loyalty to young Queen Victoria, to the tasteless nature of superfluous columns in architecture. Her adventures in London, the English countryside (Cowes), and Edinburgh evoke memories of life in Virginia. She recalls tales of Europe told by Martha Randolph (educated at the convent in Paris) and Thomas Jefferson...
Scope and Contents The identification of longitude was one of the serious endeavors of scientists both professional, such as Astronomer Royal Nevil Maskelyne of Greenwich, and amateur, including Thomas Jefferson. While Maskelyne collected calculations of astronomical phenomena and projected the moon’s position in Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris (which, along with John Harrison’s 1773 "discovery of longitude" with a consistently accurate time-piece, proved invaluable to navigation), Jefferson toured...
Scope and Contents Although Jefferson was not a linguist and professed distaste for the profession of law, he was committed to adapting the language and laws of the new Republic to suit the governed and be accessible to them. His revolutionary outlook is embodied in his advocacy of an ever-expanding English language dictated by usage, and adept use of language to author bold legislation in the founding of the nation while making his profession more the voice of the people than their legal representation or...
Scope and Contents In the context of the Cold War and the accompanying dire need for a great leader, Wiggins proposes to place Jefferson’s philosophy on the diplomatic table, for "what we cannot nominate, we can imitate." Wiggins discusses Jefferson’s impressive command of matters of science and public affairs as well as his diplomatic finesse, highlighting Jefferson’s emphasis on public education, his flexibility as a thinker regarding the humanity and intellectual fiber of blacks, and his commitment to the...
Scope and Contents Jefferson had mixed feelings about dogs, as they were both dangerous -- as predators when not properly fed and as disease-carriers when rabid -- and useful farm animals. He obtained Bergère, an intelligent and industrious sheep dog from France, whom the slave Isaac recalls along with some of Jefferson’s other eccentrically named pets and animals. Though Jefferson sympathized with Judge Richard Peters (who in 1810 complained of the dangers of dogs to sheep) and Peter Minor of Albemarle (who...
Scope and Contents Contains a listing of the various cookbooks owned by Jefferson, although none of the original books has survived. Because of Jefferson’s interest in French cuisine, his library contained eight cookbooks written in French, although he did also have books that contained Virginia recipes, including Mrs. Mary Randolph’s The Virginia Housewife.
Scope and Contents In six accounts, denoted by different locations, dates, and musical arrangements played and by whom, various instruments played or related to those played by members of the Jefferson family are discussed. A 1786 Kirckman was purchased by Jefferson and played by Martha Jefferson in Paris in 1789, and yet another given to Maria Jefferson in 1798. Jefferson encouraged musicianship in his daughters and subsequent generations (Martha, Maria, Ellen Randolph and her aunt Virginia Cary were all skilled...
My Long Day of Life compiled by Lucia Stanton, Zanne Macdonald, and Kristin Onuf, (April 1993), E332.2 .A5 1993A
Scope and Contents An abridgement and combination of texts, including Jefferson’s (self-curtailed) autobiography and personal letters and documents, providing a summary of his life (major events, dates, and figures) in his own words, from birth to his last known letter and reflections on a life well-lived.
Scope and Contents The mutual respect and friendship as well as the political partnership between Jefferson and Madison are well documented in the personal letters and exchange of writings (as they were published) and goods during Jefferson’s residence in Paris as Minister to France in 1784. While Madison reported on the Virginia Assembly, the Confederation Congress, and Constitutional Convention, Jefferson enthusiastically bought books and little inventions to send home to his friend. Upon reading and taking...
Scope and Contents Dr. Benjamin Rush, longtime friend of John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, was the foremost advocate for introduction of maple sugar as a substitute for the slave-produced cane sugar of the West Indies, and was also a vocal proponent of temperance (highlighting spirits as the real concern). Jefferson shared Rush’s ideals and joined him in his campaign to commercially destroy black slavery in the West Indies, purchasing maple sugar and attempting to grow the trees at Monticello, though Jefferson’s...
Scope and Contents Jefferson’s passion for the study of birds and climate led him to link the two in the manner of a phenologist. He collected mockingbirds (he owned several as pets and had a special favorite, Dick, who had a remarkable ability to imitate tunes and sounds), studied the winter habits of the purple martin, and enjoyed the sight and song of many others, including swallows and whippoorwills. Jefferson exchanged conjectures regarding the identity of various birds with Alexander Wilson, who sent...
The Barrett Library: Notes on its First Quarter-Century at the University of Virginia, 1960-1985 by Joan St. C. Crane, (April 1986), E322.2 .A5 1986Ab
Scope and Contents A brief and selective summary of Clifton Waller Barrett’s expansive library of rare and famous books and manuscripts, including well-known authors such as Twain, Poe, Dickinson, Tennessee Williams, Henry James, and Herman Melville, among many others both renowned and obscure.
The Jefferson Scrapbooks' Story of Politics, Death, and Friendship by Christine E. Coalwell and Robert M.S. McDonald, (April 2000), E332.2 .A5 2000A
Scope and Contents Jefferson kept several commonplace books for various subjects, including a scrapbook of newspaper clippings. The clippings include poetry that addresses such themes as death, friendship, and home, with which Jefferson was concerned, as well as political articles and criticism of his own administration. Margaret Bayard Smith, wife of the National Intelligencer’s editor perused this scrapbook and her account of the collection of "libels" (as she described it) appeared in newspapers. The article...
Scope and Contents An account of Jefferson’s activities in book collecting, reading and cataloging his various libraries. The 1815 sale of his library to the Library of Congress allowed Congress to replace the congressional library that had been burned by British troops in 1814. Congress voted by a slim margin to acquire the books, and the country benefited tremendously by the establishment of this extensive national repository for a small financial cost. Although the fire in1851 destroyed many of Jefferson’s...
Thomas Jefferson and "the finest statuary in the world" by Susan R. Stein, (November 1997), E332.2 .A5 1997N
Scope and Contents The famous French sculptor Jean-Antoine Houdon executed likenesses of well-known figures such as Voltaire, Benjamin Franklin, George Washington, and Lafayette, and created the best-known portrait of Thomas Jefferson in 1789. Jefferson’s residence in Paris, exposure to art there, and Houdon’s training, sculpting process, and famous works are outlined.
Scope and Contents During his residence in France in April 1787, Jefferson journeyed through the Alps to Italy on a mule. He kept a careful journal of the climate, vegetation, and agriculture on his travels and was delighted to note the geographical link between the adventures in his ancient Latin books (such as Hannibal’s attack on Rome) to his own passage. Jefferson took special interest in the olive as an efficient and multi-purpose tree; he mapped the geographical boundaries of the olive’s cultivation and...
West Point's Lost Founder: Thomas Jefferson Remembered, Forgotten, & Reconsidered by Robert McDonald, (November 2002), E332.2 .A5 2002N
Scope and Contents The plan to establish a national institution for military education began at the time of the Revolutionary War. Not until 1802, however, did Jefferson manage to convince Congress to authorize the funding and creation of West Point, a military academy to educate cadets to defend the new nation. Despite his efforts, Jefferson fell out of favor with the leaders at West Point, and his contribution was willfully ignored or suppressed by various superintendents (of more republican leanings)...